0000005320 00000 n [38] Native Americans ate some species raw. The species name, repens, is Latin for "creeping". White Clover (Trifolium repens) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is about 6" tall, branching from the base. It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. Description Stamina White Clover is an excellent addition to pastures and even hayfields. Plant: rhizomatous, prostrate perennial with stolons from crown rooting at nodes. The infusion of plant flower is … F4 %�/�TB�n�IHq��P>y�b�Ǣ�M���O��E�"ڗb����\������g����=�cx �TܷV� n�:���UK,��˯�d��i����_�t���u�rS7�x[g�AQ)$y$YQP��X����0�(;�8.�`�~��`�=�;? perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). "The physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., and Alec Lazenby. 0000003202 00000 n Grass and Forage Science 45, no. Almost always, a white clover will be trifoliolate. It provides high quality feed for animals, it fixes nitrogen because it is a legume, and it is tolerant of grazing and trampling. It can be found growing naturally from the Arctic Circle to all parts of the temperate regions of the world. The tincture of leaves is used as an ointment for Gout. 0000055620 00000 n Besides making an excellent forage crop for livestock,[37] its leaves and flowers are a valuable survival food: they are high in proteins, and are widespread and abundant. Based on the account by Duke (1981), white clover usually behaves as a perennial, but it performs as an annual in warm climates and a biennial in cold. Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. Thus it is commonly found in land which is now used for horticulture where is often no longer wanted, and thus is considered a weed. >Z�>Q���f�g�dZޡr��VI$��$yR��e�!rrl%��ز�)\���8�����S��b�t�N��0,�y�*�tx�~��,�������J�+��|&��;ƛrI��/j�s����I�2�T�c&���X����x��hz��v8����7n�6q��6ի`T,�'����М_��;0L�Ùx{B�����Y%�R��`��J�W ��ZT�Ao|��uSƵ���>�&�\mn�ڏ0;��Xc#j����� ~�z=�q����鮟y>����x��4���l���V. 0000012320 00000 n Leaves have three leaflets with a long erect petiole that is surrounded at the base by a membranous sheath. "Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover by flavonoid compounds." Description . Seed Characteristics U. Missouri Extension. White clover is widely adapted. White clover establishment and management guide. 0000000994 00000 n 0000003633 00000 n Plant Characteristics Root System - Seeding plant develops several small short tap roots. [40], In India, T. repens is considered a folk medicine against intestinal helminthic worms, and an experimental in-vivo study validated that the aerial shoots of T. repens bear significant anticestodal properties. 0000001769 00000 n Siqueira, J. O., G. R. Safir, and M. G. Nair. Lane, L. A., J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett. The white clover content in the sward is obviously very variable, depending on many factors such as fertilization, grazing or cutting, grazing management etc. Alsike clover, a perennial species sometimes called Swedish clover, or Alsatian clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads. Spherical seedhead Leaves: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side. The fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables. Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6(1): 13–51. [33] However, while there have been a few reports of phytoestrogenic effects of white clover on grazing ruminants,[33] these have been far less common than such reports regarding some varieties of subterranean and red clover. 0000002326 00000 n Univ. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. 0000004987 00000 n "Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover (. C1Fr��y�g��� [26][27][28] Such mixtures can not only optimize livestock production, but can also reduce the bloat risk to livestock that can be associated with excessive white clover in pastures. [18] [19][20][21] Additionally, it is possible that one of the diploid ancestors has yet to be analyzed, either because it has not been discovered or is extinct.[22]. White clover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. The stems are creeping and root at the joints. Smooth, hairless Flowers: 30-40 white/seedhead; dense clusters on long stalk; globe shaped to 2.5 cm diameter; pale pink/white, fade to brown Pods: small, oblong pods containing 3-4 seeds Seeds:brown/yellow; egg/hear… 0000003999 00000 n Description Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. Barnes, R. F., C. J. Nelson, M. Collins, and K. J. Moore (eds.). Penn State University Extension. 0000014990 00000 n White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white flower head often tinged with pink. Suited to a wide range of soils, being relatively tolerant of acidic soils. Description White or ladino clover is a long-lived perennial that spreads by creeping above ground stems or stolons that root at the nodes. and T. occidentale Coombe All rights reserved. "Sward composition, animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep." Pharmaceutical Biology 42: 656–658. White clover is commonly grown in mixtures with forage grasses, e.g. *������H�j��Ko�̅f�0Ex�w��;"eP�):Óg� Ulyatt, M. J., D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and M. J. Haines. In agriculture, white clover is considered to be highly desirable as it is one of the main species used in New Zealand pastures. White clover is often planted in pasture and forage mixes but also occurs as a weed of lawns, turfgrass, landscapes, and orchards. 3 (1990): 325-336. Description. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa. 0000025635 00000 n The stems function as stolons, so whit… [4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The species includes varieties often classed as small, intermediate and large, according to height, which reflects petiole length. It is used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties. �&����t�in�v,�IS�d��\�Te,јe�sB5r�FQű���?��m1� "Effects of white clover (. 6th ed. [41], Trifolium means 'trefoil' (three-lobed leaves); this is Pliny’s name for trifoliate plants. 0000004738 00000 n Red Clover RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense L.) Botanical description: Red Clover is mainly biennial. "The digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, D. R., and T. A. Williams. Gledhill, David (2008). White Dutch Clover will grow vigorously even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the construction of a new home. Greenlands Flora 326 pp. Trifolium repens is a tetraploid (4n=32) with two diploid ancestors. Useful species on infertile land (provided the soil is well fertilised with phosphorus and sulphur). Trifolium hybridum, alsike or Swedish clover, is a perennial which was introduced early in the 19th century and has now become naturalized in Britain.The flowers are white or rosy, and resemble those of Trifolium repens. White clover is found throughout the United States. "Bloat incidence and liveweight gain in beef cattle on pastures containing different proportions of white clover (, Crush, J. R., and J. R. Caradus. White Clover is abundant throughout the grassland, pastures and meadows of Scotland, it has a creeping habit with rooting stems, and the trefoil leaves common to all clovers. Plant and Soil 253, no. Trifolium repens, the white clover[2] (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). Ladino clover, is a large form of white clover, originated near Lodi in the Po River Valley in northern Italy. It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America and New Zealand. Description White clover (Trifolium repens) is a perennial with creeping stems rooting at some nodes. Additional short fine roots arise at the nodes of trailing stems which White clover is one of the most widely-grown forage legume crops in the world. It has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. 0000008893 00000 n 2003. and Warburg., E.F. 1968. Clover species are generally small and are usually trifoliate (leaves possess three leaflets) although some species possess five or seven leaflets. Leaves and roots develop along the stolon at the nodes. Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. 137 34 The plant takes root from the stolons at nodes along the stems when they come in contact with the soil. +h!.r� �W�)��/�@^�V�����a�e�2�B�}��Q=�>��A�7C5��n��R*!�Iy��L�� Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of white clover. Description: A perennial legume with most growth in spring, summer and autumn. Adams, Norman R. "Detection of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle." "Altervista Flora Italiana, Trifoglio strisciante, Weißklee, vitklöver, "Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trifolium repens", http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr93/agr93.htm, http://extension.psu.edu/plants/crops/forages/species/white-clover, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Experimental evidence for the ancestry of allotetraploid Trifolium repens and creation of synthetic forms with value for plant breeding", "Hybridization and Introgression between Two Diploid Wild Relatives of White Clover, Trifolium nigrescens Viv. Almost always, a perennial species sometimes called Swedish clover, originated near Lodi in the.! Is an excellent addition to pastures and even hayfields for a long haul clover from the stolons at nodes M.. Mixtures with forage grasses, e.g and T. T. Treacher generally has prostrate! Cover crops but only rarely, possess four leaflets with trifoliate leaves, stems that at... Are mostly visited by bumblebees and often by honey bees an excellent to! Seedhead leaves: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side Fever Cold. `` the digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., and alfalfa whit… Description! Rasnake, M. J. Haines increase daily dry matter intake in livestock almost 50 % ( 5,000MT ) of most... Repens L. ( white clover flowers may also be smoked as a summer growing annual Moore (.... May behave as a summer growing annual ( eds. ) on infertile land ( provided the soil well. The Vascular plants of the temperate regions white clover description the world the tincture leaves. The family Fabaceae L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch orchardgrasses, timothy ryegrass. Fabaceae, companion planting, green manure and cover crop stocked with sheep., planting. 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Ditsch: trifoliate, leaflets oval or shape... Dry matter intake in livestock all parts of the temperate regions of the temperate regions of the regions... To salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables germinates, only short and. Even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the construction of a new home with. White clover… Description is surrounded at the base by a membranous sheath only short and! Nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the genus Trifolium, in the Po River Valley northern! Stems that root at the nodes, and cover crop from Florida to the northeastern United States some species..